Islam is a religion of peace and compassion and expects all Muslims to be useful for all not limited to mankind but for all species. Quran says “Verily we have honoured the Children of Adam. We carry them on the land and the sea, and have made provision of good things for them, and have preferred them above many of those whom we created with a marked preferment.” (17:70).Humans are the superior-most of all species because they have the power of reasoning and to choose their path of conduct. Some tread upon the right path, some miss it completely while some walk in between. As per Islam the prime goal of earthly life is a test of one’s conduct on the basis of power, strength, fame, poverty, illnesses, wealth & loss of wealth etc. etc. Moreover, humans are considered as the most complex and advanced of Allah’s creations not because of their superiority of conduct but because of their ability to select their path of conduct.
The purpose of Islamic life is to acquire the moral attributes of God. Hence, becoming compassionate is one of the important aims of a Muslim’s spiritual life. It goes without saying that a compassionate human being will be diligent in respecting fellow human beings’ rights.Islam emphasizes “God’s compassion”. The Quran teaches believers that God “has decreed mercy for Himself” (Al-An’am, 12 and 54). “Bismillah” the most important Quarnic verse “In the name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful”, God’s name is immediately followed by the qualities of compassion and mercy. God has been described in this way in at least 320 passages in the Quran.
Quran emphasizes on the inner purification of humans , “Be steadfast in prayer. Prayer fends off coarseness and evil. But your foremost duty is to remember God.” (Al-Ankabut, 45); “fasting is decreed for you as it was decreed for those before you that you will guard yourselves against evil” (Al-Baqarah, 183); “their [sacrificial offerings’] flesh and blood does not reach God; it is your piety that reaches Him” (Al-Hajj, 37); “He made the heavens and the earth in six days, to find out which one of you shall best acquit himself” (Hud, 7). Islam does not give importance to the quantity of alms but attaches importance to alms as a means of purifying ourselves inwardly by giving away we “dearly cherish”. (Al Imran, 92). There are many such examples in Quran and Hadith which are enough to prove that inner attributes are much more important than the physical actions.
Muhammad (PBUH), the last prophet of Islam, established a society based on islamic teachings which eliminated the spiritual and social problems rampant in the Arabian Peninsula. Women and slaves were honored and respected as equals; racial discrimination was practically eliminated; tribal warfare was replaced with united ties of brotherhood; usury and alcohol were completely forbidden.Karen Armstrong, a renowned author of books on comparative religion, has expressed, “Muhammad … was a dazzling success, politically as well as spiritually, and Islam went from strength to strength to strength.”